The introduction of Bitcoin in 2009 transformed blockchain from a theoretical to a practical application, demonstrating that this digital distributed ledger technology actually works. Since then, businesses have been experimenting with how they, too, can make blockchain work for them.
Blockchain Development is being used by well-known corporations, government agencies, and non-profit organisations to improve existing processes and enable new business models.
The value of blockchain stems from its ability to share data among entities in a quick and secure manner – without requiring anyone entity to take responsibility for safeguarding the data or facilitating the transactions.
In fact, whether using a public blockchain network or private or private blockchain-based applications, blockchain and its characteristics can provide numerous benefits to businesses.
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The following are the top 10 blockchain benefits, according to experts:
Leaders in a variety of industries are investigating and implementing blockchain-based systems to solve intractable problems and improve long-standing inefficient practices. As an example of such innovation, Field cited the use of blockchain to verify the information on job applicants’ resumes.
According to studies, a significant number of people falsify their resumes, leaving hiring managers with the time-consuming task of manually verifying the information. However, pilot programmes that allow participating universities to store data about their graduates and their degrees on the blockchain, which can then be accessed by authorised hiring managers, help to solve both issues: getting to the truth and getting to the truth quickly and efficiently.
2. Data control on an individual basis
According to experts, blockchain enables unprecedented levels of individual control over one’s own digital data. “In a world where data is a very valuable commodity, technology inherently protects your data while allowing you to control it,” said Michela Menting, research director at ABI Research. Individuals and organisations can choose which parts of their digital data to share, with whom, and for how long, with limits enforced by blockchain-enabled smart contracts.
Tokenization is the process of converting the value of an asset (whether physical or digital) into a digital token, which is then recorded on and shared via blockchain. Tokenization has gained popularity with digital art and other virtual assets, but it has broader applications that could improve business transactions, according to Joe Davey, director of technology at global consulting firm West Monroe.
Tokenization could be used by utilities, for example, to trade carbon emission allowances under carbon cap programmes.
Blockchain can handle transactions much faster than traditional methods because it eliminates intermediaries and replaces remaining manual processes in transactions. In some cases, blockchain can process a transaction in a matter of seconds or less. However, times can vary; how quickly a blockchain-based system can process transactions is determined by a number of factors, including the size of each data block and network traffic.
Nonetheless, experts have concluded that in terms of speed, blockchain typically outperforms other processes and technologies. In one of the most visible blockchain applications, Walmart used the technology to trace the origin of sliced mangoes in seconds, a process that had previously taken seven days.
5. Enhanced security and privacy
Another clear advantage of this emerging technology is the security of blockchain networks. The enhanced security provided by blockchain is a result of how the technology works: With end-to-end encryption, blockchain creates an immutable record of transactions that prevents fraud and unauthorised activity. Furthermore, data on the blockchain is distributed across a network of computers, making hacking nearly impossible (unlike conventional computer systems that store data together in servers). Furthermore, by encrypting data and requiring authorizations to limit access, blockchain can address concerns about privacy better than traditional computer systems.
6. The structure that is decentralised
Blockchain truly demonstrates its worth when there is no central actor to facilitate trust, according to Daniel Field, head of the blockchain at UST, a global provider of digital technology and services. As a result, in addition to enabling trust when participants lack trust because they are unfamiliar with one another, blockchain enables data sharing within an ecosystem of businesses where no single entity is solely in charge.
A good example is the supply chain: Several businesses, ranging from suppliers and transportation companies to producers, distributors, and retailers, want or require information from others in the supply chain, but no one is in charge of facilitating all of that information sharing. Blockchain, due to its decentralised nature, solves this quandary.
7. Cost savings
The nature of blockchain can also help organisations save money. It improves transaction processing efficiency. It also reduces manual tasks such as data aggregation and editing, as well as reporting and auditing processes. Experts emphasised the savings that financial institutions see when using blockchain, explaining that blockchain’s ability to streamline clearing and settlement directly translates into process cost savings. In general, blockchain helps businesses save money by eliminating the middlemen – vendors and third-party providers – who have traditionally provided the computation that blockchain can do.
Blockchain fosters trust between realities where trust is either absent or unproven. As a result, these realities are willing to engage in business deals or data participating that they would not have done else or would have needed a conciliator to do. One of the most constantly mentioned advantages of blockchain is the facilitation of trust. Its worth can be seen in early blockchain use cases, which eased deals between realities that didn’t have direct connections but demanded to partake data or payments. Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies, in general, are iconic exemplifications of how blockchain enables trust between nonnatives.
9. Traceability and visibility
Walmart’s use of blockchain is about more than just speed; it’s about being able to trace the origin of those mangoes and other products. This enables retailers such as Walmart to better manage inventory, respond to problems or questions, and confirm the histories of their products. If a farm’s product must be recalled due to contamination, a retailer using blockchain can identify and remove the produce from that farm while leaving the remaining produce for sale. Blockchain, according to experts, can help track the origins of a variety of items, such as medicines to ensure they’re genuine rather than counterfeit and organic items to ensure they’re truly organic.
Immutability basically means that transactions can indeed be changed or deleted once they have been recorded on the blockchain. All exchanges on the blockchain are captured and stored and datestamped, having a permanent record (This contrasts with error-prone paper-based filing and legacy computer systems that may become corrupted or retired.) As an example of the potential of this benefit, Omar cited Sweden’s use of blockchain to digitise real estate transactions in order to keep track of property titles even as they change hands.